Monday, 7 July 2014

the great wall of china, dough's fact

The Great Wall was originally built during the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC-476 BC) and the Warring State Period (475 BC – 221 BC) when China was separated into several kingdoms and trapped in a period of melees, with Qi , Chu, Qin , Yan, Zhao, Wei, Han being the most powerful ones. For fear of invasion from neighboring powers and the northern minority tribes, the kingdoms undertook the building of beacon towers and connected them with walls, which created the rudiments of Great Wall. After Qin Shi Huang conquered the other six kingdoms and unified the whole country, he had all sections of the walls connected and fortified it for defense against the northern Xiongnu minority power during his reign. It is recorded that almost one million men were commandeered to construct the Qin great wall.
Most famous great wall section: Badaling Great Wall
The most famous great wall legend: Meng Jiang Nu wept the Great Wall
Best time for travel: Autumn
Last dynasty stopped building the great wall: Qing dynasty, about 200 years ago.
Highest & lowest point of the great wall: the highest point is in Beijing Heita Mountain which is 5,039 feet /1,536 meters. The lowest point of the great wall is at Laolongtou (Old Dragon's Head), sea level (only point reaching the sea).
Great Wall snow: some sections might close for tourists for safty if it snows
The Great Wall of China is a long man-made wall built using tamped earth, brick, stone, wood, and other materials. The purpose of building the Great Wall of China was to keep out invaders and check military intrusions. It now acts as a tribute to the Chinese who were responsible for building this wall. The wall runs from Shanhaiguan in Hebei province (in the east) to Jiayuguan in Gansu province (in the west). It comprises of walls, armories, barracks, stables, shelters on the wall, watch towers, horse tracks, forts and passes.

The genesis of the Great Wall's construction can be traced back to the time when 7 powerful states emerged together at the same time during the Spring, Autumn and Warring States Periods. The rulers of these states needed to protect themselves from the Mongolian nomads of the North, who were constantly raiding the Northern Chinese borders. The rulers had various options of protecting themselves from these nomads such as driving them out of their territory by initiating offensive campaigns, forming diplomatic ties with them and reaching a mutual consensus or building a strong, defensive wall that would keep the menace out.

Since implementing the offensive campaign idea was too expensive and risky, the rulers of those states decided to build protective walls and use earth and stones in wood frames for its construction. Guard stations and watch towers were established at regular intervals for surveillance and protection purposes. However, these walls did not manage to hold the Mongolian nomads back, simply because they were discontinuous. The separate walls built ended abruptly, thereby losing the whole purpose of acting as a protective fence. 

With the continuous development of modern science and technology, we are learning more and more about the world we live in. We explore outer space to find out the secrets of the universe. We study our history to understand the stories that have taken place on the planet we live on. We try to learn to live in harmony with our environment, with other animals and plants. And most of all, we try to learn to live in peace with ourselves and with other human beings. Learning is an ongoing process for every individual as well as for all mankind. Based on what we currently know, below is a brief history of China and the Great Wall.


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